Триггеры двигательной активности, измеряемые с помощью функциональной спектроскопия в околоинфракрасном диапазоне (fNIRS)
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Научный журнал Моделирование, оптимизация и информационные технологииThe scientific journal Modeling, Optimization and Information Technology
Online media
issn 2310-6018

Triggers of motor activity measurable by near-infrared functional spectroscopy (fNIRS): a review

Samandari A.M.   Afonin A.N.  

UDC 617.57.77
DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2024.45.2.004

  • Abstract
  • List of references
  • About authors

Scientific studies have differed on the interpretation of activity in the primary motor cortex of the brain. Various studies have found that the primary motor cortex is activated only during physical motor tasks. Whereas other studies have appeared that a similar measurable activity can be observed and recorded when arousing or stimulating the motor cortex when performing a mental representation of movement. Consequently, our purpose of this review was to compare the triggers of motor cortex activation during the physical execution and mental representation of the movement by recording the brain signals resulting from the stimulation by using the technique of near-infrared functional spectroscopy based on the neural interface (brain-computer interface). This research reveals differences and comparisons based on various approaches to analyze and systematically realize target triggers of motor cortex activation during training at neural interface (fNIRS). Based on the above, this review concludes by emphasising the fact that triggers of cortical activation in general and under different names cause activity that can be recorded by measuring the various changes that occur in hamoglobin concentration, in other words, that both physical task performance and similar mental representations of movement cause perceptible activity in the motor cortex. This provides the rationale for prosthetic, rehabilitation and other applications. Furthermore, this encourages future research to identify positive triggers for cortical activation to study psychological states of cognitive function and certain pathological conditions, as well as neurophysiological studies.

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Samandari Ali Mirdan

Email: aliofphysics777ali@gmail.com

Belgorod State National Research University

Belgorod, Russian Federation

Afonin Andrey Nikolaevich
Doctor of Technical Sciences, Docent

Belgorod State National Research University

Belgorod, Russian Federation

Keywords: near-infrared functional spectroscopy, triggers, motor cortex, brain-computer interface, physical movement, mental representation of movement

For citation: Samandari A.M. Afonin A.N. Triggers of motor activity measurable by near-infrared functional spectroscopy (fNIRS): a review. Modeling, Optimization and Information Technology. 2024;12(2). Available from: https://moitvivt.ru/ru/journal/pdf?id=1522 DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2024.45.2.004 .

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Full text in PDF

Received 28.02.2024

Revised 02.04.2024

Accepted 12.04.2024

Published 03.05.2024