** Keywords:**
incident management, information system, business process, automation, IDEF model, support service

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Online media

issn 2310-6018

issn 2310-6018

2023.
T.11.
№ 3.
id 1332

Sazanova L.A.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.42.3.002

The paper touches upon the problem of incident management as part of the bank IT service performance. The relevance of the issue is due to the variety of types of incidents, the consequences of their impact on the performance and quality of business processes in the context of continuous improvement of information technology. The aim of the research is to study the process of managing incidents using IDEF modeling tools. The objectives of the study are reduced to the construction and analysis of an appropriate business model as in the case of considering the activities of the bank IT support service as well as the development of proposals for improving the information system. The study used theoretical and empirical general scientific methods: systematic data collection, review of electronic sources, generalization and analysis, the IDEF modeling method, which was employed to design context diagrams that reflect the essence, features and changes in the analyzed business process. The analysis has demonstrated the shortcomings in the implementation of incident management process related to the registration and further transmission of information in the support service system. The means to eliminate them are outlined with a view to minimizing the time for the implementation of the process and saving human and information resources, after which the requirements for a modified information system are defined that involve maintaining a database with examples of technical malfunctions. The result of the study was the construction of a conceptual model of the information process for registering incidents. The decomposition of the process has been made and changes have been introduced to quickly update information about potential incidents and notify the support staff about malfunctions. The subsequent transformation of the bank information system with due regard for the proposed changes contributes to the optimization of incident management, thus reducing the response time and improving bank performance.

** Keywords:**
incident management, information system, business process, automation, IDEF model, support service

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1331

Grinyak V.M.
Prudnikova L.I.
Artemiev A.V.
Levchenko D.M.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.015

The paper is concerned with maritime safety. The problem of planning a route for a vessel crossing water areas with heavy traffic is considered. When sailing under such conditions, navigators follow a trajectory that is established in a specific water area. It can be defined officially or be accepted on an informal basis while representing collective navigation experience. If the latter, it seems productive to plan a route using the data on the traffic of other ships that crossed the water area earlier (the same idea underlies "big data" task methods). In the papers published earlier, such route planning was based on a cluster analysis of retrospective data on ship traffic, which involved dividing the water area into sections and highlighting characteristic values of speeds and courses in them. The problem with this approach was the choice of partitioning parameters which had to be set for each specific water area separately. In this paper, another approach is proposed, when the graph of possible routes includes a selection of the trajectories of individual ships that were previously implemented in the specific water area. This article further develops the methods for solving the problem of ship route planning in areas with heavy traffic. The proposed method is based on the formation of a possible route graph from a set of intersecting broken lines, each of which represents a route implemented earlier. Each edge of the graph is assigned a measure of its “popularity”, which characterizes the proximity of other edges to it. The shortest path on a weighted graph is constructed considering not only the geometric length of the edges, but also the measure of their “popularity”. The paper regards the formation of a possible route graph, a number of its nodes and edges is esteemed, recommendations as to how to select a method for defining the shortest path on its graph are provided. Examples of route planning for the Tsugaru Strait and the Seaport of Vladivostok are provided.

** Keywords:**
ship traffic management, unmanned navigation, e-navigation, route transit planning, high-density traffic, automatic identification system, big Data, graph algorithm

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1330

Mineeva E.A.
Bogdanova D.R.
Kotelnikov V.A.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.001

This article is devoted to development of a methodology for assessing customer satisfaction of an enterprise that provides medical services to population taking into consideration emotionally charged information coming from customers. Authors analyzed several related publications on this issue. Based on that, the existing shortcomings of the methods under review were identified. To eliminate them, it is proposed to improve one of these methods. The improvement consists in adding an additional parameter to the mathematical model which characterizes emotional response of a client of a medical organization as feedback. A model for assessing patient satisfaction was chosen with due regard for customers’ emotions using fuzzy classifiers. A general scheme for calculating the integral indicator was given. The proposed methodology is described step by step. Each stage of the methodology was also studied in greater detail. During one of the stages, the experts determined a set of indicators for further research, which includes a parameter that describes a patient's emotional reaction. A numerical experiment was carried out that implements the proposed method and its results are described. Following on from the results of the computational experiment, conclusions were drawn.

** Keywords:**
affective computing, fuzzy sets, fishburn scores, customer satisfaction, medical services

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1327

Novoseltsev V.I.
Orlova D.E.
Plushchik K.A.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.007

The article develops a logical compromise approach to decision-making in organizational systems under the conditions of conflict of interests among their constituent entities. In relation to systems of this type, the interpretation of the criteria for decision security, their Pareto optimality and Nash equilibrium are given. The conceptual gradation of risk levels in decision-making is introduced and empirical formulas are provided to assess the corresponding functions of subject efficiency. Taking into account the correlation of individual and systemic interests, the problem of choosing the most suitable solution from among Pareto-optimal and simultaneously equilibrium solutions in the sense of Nash is solved. Recommendations on practical ways to ensure the balance of compromise solutions, including imposing sanctions on violators of agreements, creating coalitions from among subjects with similar interests, increasing the level of mutual awareness of participants in negotiations, are given. An algorithm is proposed that implements a logical compromise approach to decision-making in the context of a conflict of interests of the subjects in the organizational system. This algorithm along with the methods of multi-criteria mathematical optimization, the provisions of coalition game theory and neural network programming can be used to create software systems to support the adoption of compromise decisions made in organizational systems of various functional purposes.

** Keywords:**
organizational system, decision-making, conflict of interest, risk of decision-making, guaranteeing decision, pareto optimal decision, nash equilibrium, individual interests, systemic interests, decision-making algorithm

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1326

Hoang V.
Part A.A.
Perova I.V.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.006

This paper presents methods of mathematical analysis used to solve the applied problems of the theory of transport of solid media – thermal flows and viscous liquids in network-like objects. The initial-boundary problem for the Navier-Stokes system, which lies at the basis of the mathematical description of the so-called turbulent transport processes of Newtonian liquids with a given viscosity, is defined and studied. It is assumed that the liquid has a complex internal rheology and is a multi-phase continuous medium. The distinctive feature of the process under consideration is the absence of a classical differential equation at the node points of the network-like area (the surfaces of mutual adhesion of subdomains). Sufficient conditions for the unique weak solvability of the initial-boundary problem are presented, which are obtained by the classical analysis of approximations of the exact solution by means of a priori estimates derived from the energy inequality for norms of solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation. An optimization problem, which is natural in the analysis of transport processes of continuous media on a network-like carrier, is considered. The state spaces of the Navier-Stokes system, spaces of controls and observations, for which the uniqueness of the solution of the optimization problem is proved, are indicated. The suggested approach and corresponding methods are equipped with the necessary algorithm and illustrated by the examples of numerical analysis of test problems. The basis of the analysis lies in the classical approach to studying mathematical models of transport processes of continuous media. The paper is aimed at developing qualitative and approximate methods for investigating mathematical models of various types of continuous media transport.

** Keywords:**
transfer of hydroflows, network carrier, optimization problem, algorithms, numerical analysis

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1325

Popova N.A.
Egorova E.S.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.003

The ability to predict student academic performance is valuable to any institution seeking to improve student achievement and motivation. Based on the predictions generated, students identified as being at risk for expulsion or failure can be supported in a more timely manner. This article discusses various classification models for predicting student performance using data collected from universities in Penza. The data include student enrollment data as well as activity data from the university electronic information and education environment (EIE). An important contribution of this study is the consideration for student heterogeneity in the construction of predictive models. This is based on the observation that students with different socio-demographic characteristics or modes of learning may exhibit different motivation to learn. Experiments confirmed the hypothesis that models trained using instances in student subgroups outperform models built using all data instances. In addition, the experiments showed that accounting for both enrollment and learning activity patterns helped to identify vulnerable students more accurately. Experimental results have demonstrated that no single method has superior performance in all aspects. The homegrown analytics platform Loginom was employed as a tool to create a predictive model.

** Keywords:**
data Mining, intellectual analysis of educational data, forecasting of student progress, heterogeneity of students, electronic information and educational environment

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1324

Rossikhina L.V.
Kalach A.V.
Nefediev S.A.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.004

Scheduling makes it possible to solve complex and large-scale modern problems that require a combination of many projects distributed among various organizational systems in the context of growing globalization and an increase in the share of project work in organizations compared to non-project work. The article describes the problem of scheduling the work of project teams, which consists in minimizing the duration of all work taking into account a limited number of specialists of different types. Such a problem is characterized by a non-deterministic polynomial time difficulty. The solution of the optimization problem was carried out using the example of determining the sequence of operation in two projects with consideration to a limited number of specialists. At the same time, the maximum sets of commands for simultaneous execution of work was presented in the form of possible combinations of commands formed in reliance on the restrictions on the number of specialists of each type. The proposed approach to optimizing the work schedule of project teams includes the use of a heuristic algorithm, according to which the operation with the longest duration is performed first. To obtain a linear programming problem, sets of commands representing joint combinations and formed taking into account the restrictions on the number of specialists of each type operating simultaneously are considered. An example of calculating the minimum duration of project work execution as a whole by sets of teams is given. The use of a heuristic algorithm helped to determine the best operation sequence taking into account the composition of teams of specialists and the duration of the work performed.

** Keywords:**
project, project team, work, specialist, set of teams, duration of work

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1323

Gorshkov A.V.
Kravets O.J.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.023

This article explores the process of information dissemination, in which each agent is represented by a continuous-time Markov chain with two states: L and M. L-state refers to the “home” while M-state refers to the “meeting place”. When the two agents remain together, they “meet” and form a connection. This means that they can exchange information, conduct commercial transactions and etc. The aim of the research is to develop an effective way to calculate the propagation time and study the dependence of the propagation process on parameters such as the number of agents, the number of uninformed agents at the end of the process and the intensity of contact. It is implied that all agents are initially in L-state and one of them necessarily has some information. A distribution model with mobile agents in a star-shaped network has been created, which can be reduced to a network with two nodes. An increase in population size has two contradictory effects that cause the propagation time to increase at first, then decrease, and, eventually, increase with asymptotic behavior similar to a harmonic sum. In this regard, the expected time required to inform an additional agent is small at first, and then increases, and the probability of informing all agents within a given period has an S-shape. Additionally, information as to how changes in the modeling parameters, such as initial and ending number of the informed agents and the intensity of contacts, affect the process is given.

** Keywords:**
distribution process, multi-agent system, propagation time, distribution model, star-shaped network

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1322

Gusarenko A.S.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.002

In database management systems, since the creation of user applications, the problem of data backup has not lost its relevance. With the development of technologies in the field of Internet programming, cloud data backup methods have appeared. Cloud-based backups are gaining ground in the information technology space. Situation-oriented databases (SODBs) at the current stage need their own backup tools. As part of the microservice architecture, since heterogeneous sources and results of data processing in the SODB are taken out of the local infrastructure, it is required to use modern backup capabilities. First of all, it is necessary to reserve virtual data arrays collected from virtual multi-documents as well as dynamic data processing objects. In SODB, multi-documents and dynamic data processing objects are the main elements involved in data manipulation; their content is heterogeneous data sources, intermediate processing results and the final processing result before uploading to the data receiver. It is proposed to solve this problem using a situation-oriented approach by adding a backup model, as well as developed algorithms for backup and operating cloud disks and cloud storages. Previously, the issues of backup in SODB were not given due attention because the model assumed the use of the current state memory mechanism, which guaranteed the protection of data from possible damage and a return to the previous processing steps was provided by editing it. In addition, each state of the model provided for error handling that occur during processing. With the growing need for redundancy of external heterogeneous sources, new equipment is required to eliminate gaps in the backup implementation of SODB. This kind of equipment has not been suggested before; this paper discusses its implementation, and a prototype of the SODB software, accompanying the process of course design in "Databases" course, is used.

** Keywords:**
situation-oriented database, built-in dynamic model, heterogeneous data sources, backup, virtual multi-documents, dynamic data processing objects, RESTful-services

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1321

Avetisyan T.V.
Lvovich Y.E.
Preobrazhenskiy A.P.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.028

The purpose of this paper is to assess the possibility of determining the size of a perfectly conducting object – a two-dimensional corner structure with a maximum average scattering characteristic. Based on the solution of Fredholm integral equation of the 1st kind, the scattering characteristics of electromagnetic waves of a two-dimensional corner structure were determined. These characteristics were the multiextremal functions depending on the size of the cylinder and the length of its contour. The function was researched by using the method of grids and local optimization method – the method of golden section. The following results were obtained: the dependencies of the corner structure size on the length of the contour for different sectors of observation angles that give the maximum value of the average characteristics of the scattering; the coefficients of polynomials, which give a reasonable approximation of the relative error of the obtained relationships were determined. The algorithm presented in this paper and the results can then be used to create objects that contain in their composition corner structures with the specified requirements for the average characteristics of the scattering. The results of the study can be generalized for the case when several corners are included in the electrodynamic object. In that instance, it is necessary to determine the total scattered field with consideration to the phase difference in the arrival of an electromagnetic wave from different reflectors.

** Keywords:**
characteristics of the scattering, electromagnetic waves, optimization, control of electromagnetic environment, approximation of characteristics

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1319

Kulikov I.A.
Zhukova N.A.
Tianxing M.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.005

Nowadays, knowledge graphs are used as a model of telecommunication networks and for storing data on their state. Knowledge graphs make it possible to combine within one model many particular models of information systems used by operators, which allow joint analysis of data from various sources and, as a result, increase the efficiency of solving network management tasks. Knowledge graph helps to solve complex problems. Filling the knowledge graph requires processing large amounts of raw data. For their processing, it is necessary to use machine learning algorithms, which is difficult when building such models due to the fact that the configurations of modern networks change over time, which requires frequent reconfiguration of machine learning algorithms. In addition, automated machine learning algorithms have a high computational complexity. The purpose of the research is to develop an approach that makes it possible to employ automated machine learning (AutoML) to analyze live data coming from the network by means of metamining capabilities to control the choice of machine learning algorithms and the selection of hyperparameters. The method of determining the state of a telecommunications network using both managed machine learning and metamining, followed by building a network model in the form of a knowledge graph, was utilized. An approach has been developed to provide controlled machine learning when building models of telecommunication networks in the form of a knowledge graph, which has a reduced computational complexity by decreasing the number of candidate algorithms supplied to the AutoML input. The statement and solution of the problem of classifying the state of the vehicle according to the data coming from the network are given; a description of the monitoring system based on the use of the proposed approach is presented. The application of the approach is illustrated by the example of solving the task of determining the state of cable TV operator's network.

** Keywords:**
knowledge graph, autoML, telecommunication network, meta-learning, meta-mining

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1311

Minnikhanov R.N.
Anikin I.V.
Dagaeva M.V.
Chernyshevskij P.A.
Kadyrov A.R.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.016

The paper proposes the approach for detecting the traffic violations based on illegal vehicle’s trajectory on video streams. As an example of such violations, illegal left turn is considered. This approach was implemented in a decision support system. YOLO neural network was employed as an object detector as part of the approach, LPRNet network for license plate recognition, and Ramer-Douglas-Pecker algorithm for the trajectory thinning. Using the example of the illegal left turn, a number of classifiers was studied: SVM, GaussianNB, KNeighbors, Decision Tree, Random Forest сlassifiers. These classifiers can be utilized to identify trajectories that violate road traffic regulations. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the SVM has about 95 % of classification accuracy among other algorithms. The computational cost also decreased due to the use of the trajectory thinning algorithm and lightweight neural network models. The capabilities of decision support system integration into the Centre for Automated Recording of Traffic Offences were illustrated by the example of left turn detection.

** Keywords:**
intelligent transport system, decision support system, video image processing, machine learning, neural networks, trajectory classification

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1310

Zelenina A.N.
Choporov O.N.
Prikhodchenko A.V.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.026

The article is devoted to the study of determining the key aspects of fuel and energy complex companies in terms of corporate social responsibility for modeling indicators that are essential in the development of oil and gas companies in modern economic challenges. The object of the study is the corporations of the oil and gas sector leading an active social policy. The subject of the study is the indicators of criteria characterizing the results of corporate social activity of the company. The methodology of the research undertaken is the analysis of ESG reports of the leading companies in the fuel and energy complex of Russia for compliance with the 17 principles of sustainable development of the United Nations. The result of the experiment is the formation of an optimal multicomponent structure of corporate social responsibility covering a full range of indicators characterizing both the internal and external environment as well as performance indicators for determining the development strategy of corporate social responsibility and high performance of oil and gas corporations in the context of modern economics by means of the complex stakeholder evaluation system. Practical significance of the study consists in the application of the developed corporate social responsibility evaluation system for subsequent implementation at corporate and country levels. The obtained system of indexes can be used by the management team of an individual company as well as government agencies or evaluation agencies.

** Keywords:**
corporate social responsibility, fuel and energy complex, project management, sustainable development, green economy

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1309

Solodukha R.A.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.013

The relevance of the research is due to the need to counteract hidden data transmission channels in the form of file steganography in institutional and corporate computer networks. The article is devoted to the formation of a feature vector based on the brightness histogram to identify the steganography that distorts several bit planes of the spatial domain in the image. It is assumed that this type of steganography is most likely to be used by inner violator because it does not require deep knowledge in the field of information technology. Additionally, it is implemented in software products of the freeware segment and helps to payload up to 50 % of the container size. A numerical experiment was performed to verify the results. The description of the initial data and the experimental methodology is given. Datasets are obtained by MatLab. To ensure reproducibility of the experiments, the datasets and MatLab scripts are presented in Kaggle. The machine learning procedure based on SVM regression is applied. Based on experimental data, the basic metrics of machine learning effectiveness of feature vectors for BPCS- and LSB-steganalysis are calculated. The dependence of the regression error for feature vectors based on combinations of different bit planes is shown. With the help of the obtained estimates, the analyst can include one features or another in the complex vector.

** Keywords:**
steganalysis, feature vector, reliability, BPCS-steganography, LSB-steganography, steganography channel, machine learning, support vector machine, regression

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1308

Frolov S.V.
Korobov A.A.
Vetrov A.N.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.007

The analysis of existing digital counterparts of the cardiovascular system and medical decision support systems in cardiology is carried out. There is a low degree of elaboration or lack of consideration for the mechanisms for regulating blood circulation in them. The structure of a new biotechnical system is proposed, which makes it possible to form recommendations for the doctor as to decide on therapeutic effects in order to optimize the functions (indices) of the patient's cardiovascular system. The problem of optimizing the patient's condition for the medical decision support system is defined and the solution to it is provided. The structure of a biotechnical system for optimizing the patient's condition using a digital twin of the cardiovascular system as a virtual personalized model of the circulatory system connected to the patient by two-way information communication is described. A diagram of the elements of the biotechnical system detailing the ways of transmitting diagnostic information from the patient to the digital twin of the cardiovascular system is presented. The hardware for checking the adequacy (validation), verification and identification of the digital twin of the cardiovascular system is given. An example of the search for optimal properties necessary to optimize the indices of the functions of the cardiovascular system of an average patient is considered. The current and found optimal values of the indices of the patient's condition are obtained. To achieve indices that ensure the normalization of the patient's condition, optimal values of the properties of the cardiovascular system were found.

** Keywords:**
decision support system, regulation, mathematical modeling, cardiovascular system, neurocontrol, optimization problem

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1307

Anikin I.V.
Petrov G.E.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.026

The paper examines some approaches to processing big spatiotemporal uncertain data in GLONASS+112. This system is used for managing interaction between operational services in the Republic of Tatarstan and collecting and processing data characterizing various incidents, based on calls received by a common emergency number "112". The performance and scalability of several basic operations for managing big data (query with threshold, JOIN, k-nearest neighbors algorithm) were studied; they were adapted for operating data under spatial and temporal uncertainty. New approaches to clustering and associative rules mining for uncertain data are suggested. Modernization of ST-DBSCAN algorithm for clustering spatiotemporal data is proposed. This algorithm is integrated into the association rules mining process. The program complex for forming the associative rules for spatiotemporal data under uncertainty has been developed. The complex is applied to analyze GLONASS+112 data as well as the information about weather conditions obtained from external sources. The associative rules being formed can be used by various units in operating services for decision-making and resource-planning. This would help to increase the efficiency of managing the emergencies and undesired incidents.

** Keywords:**
data mining, spatiotemporal data, uncertainty, clustering, associative rules, emergency management

2023.
T.11.
№ 2.
id 1306

Shtepa A.A.
Belokurov V.P.
Korablev R.A.
Busarin E.N.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.41.2.010

Passenger public transport is very important for the social-economic development of any territory, and that is why consideration of the issues of sustainable functioning and optimization of the transportation management is relevant, which underlies the authors' research. Owing to this, the article addresses the problem of passenger transportation management optimization under the conditions of unstable seasonable passenger traffic in cities. The leading method to study this transport problem is dynamic programming, which is based on the package of recurrence relations. The article presents an optimization criterion in the situational task to manage passenger traffic, demonstrates the objective function that allows optimal additional distribution of passenger vehicles along each city route depending on the time of year, identifies the optimal number of passenger vehicles and substantiates the method of dynamic programming in solving a transportation problem. As the result of the study, an algorithm that determines the required number of rolling stock on the route of public transport by dynamic programming has been developed and the results of calculations depending on the period of instability of seasonal passenger traffic have been provided. The materials of the article are of practical value for applied researchers in the auto transport complex.

** Keywords:**
dynamic programming, task, criterion, modeling, optimization, transportation, seasonality, transport

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1305

Belykh T.I.
Burdukovskaya A.V.
Ivonina O.Y.
Rodionov A.V.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.018

The article deals with the regression mathematical models that describe the influence of mechanical and automatic microclimate control systems on the growth and development of Arbor Acres cross broiler chickens in Sayansky Broiler agro-industrial complex with outdoor maintenance. The paper regards the influence of such parameters as microclimate, temperature, humidity and illumination. To test the statistical hypothesis of homogeneity of the two considered samples, the Cramer-Welch and Wilcoxon tests are employed. Chou's test is presented concerning the possibility of constructing two different mathematical models of the same type that illustrate the patterns of the modeled indicators development. Statistical estimates of the significance of the constructed models and the factors included in the models are calculated. An interpretation of the results of regression analysis in relation to the subject area under study is given. In addition, a graphical visualization of the analysis of the initial and output data of the constructed models was performed. The ranking of factors is carried out according to the degree of their impact on the resulting indicator using elasticity coefficients and the shares of their influence. The main production indicators are calculated based on the results of livestock rearing: average daily gain, absolute gain, relative growth rate, safety. The article calculates the economic effect for one full cycle of farming broiler chickens.

** Keywords:**
mathematical modeling, regression model, determination coefficient, statistical significance of the model, arbor Acres cross broilers, microclimate

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1303

Prichko I.O.
Afanasyev A.D.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.019

The article considers an approach aimed at enhancing the accuracy of human identification by facial image in video surveillance systems, using the reconstruction method based on generative-adversarial networks. During the investigation of offenses, one often encounters video recordings of people of interest for the investigation with a low resolution or containing visual disturbances of different genesis, which limits the implementation of techniques for identifying the person by means of deep learning neural networks. This causes two problems: one pertaining to face detection of a certain person in the video data and another regarding the search for a selected person in the frame contained in the database. The reconstruction of a face using generative adversarial networks is known to significantly improve low-quality face images, but this method is demanding of the content of the original image as any occlusions and disturbances are multiply amplified. The paper presents an approach composed of image preprocessing on the basis of the known property of video recordings – the presence of object image versioning. The proposed algorithm helps to correct much of the visual noise and subsequently reconstruct the face image with high quality. During the experiments, we have also found a method of facial elements restoration which enables the increase in the recognizability of an unknown face by a person, which can be important during the identification by witnesses.

** Keywords:**
face recognition, face restoration, video analytics, superresolution image, generative and adversarial networks, computer vision

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1302

Kondrashov D.S.
Sukhomlinov A.Y.
Shulga L.V.
Al-Darraji C.H.
Belozerov V.A.
Filist S.A.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.021

Classification of ultrasound images is the prevailing tool in the diagnosis of many pancreas diseases. It takes years of experience and training for a doctor to interpret an ultrasound image. Therefore, the development of models, methods and algorithms for improving the reliability and quality of interpretation of ultrasound images through the use of specialized software tools that reduce the risk of diagnostic errors is a relevant issue. The proposed method involves the segmentation of ultrasound images into segments of prescribed size of a rectangular shape and their correlation to one of three classes: oncology, pancreatitis, indifferent class. Classification is carried out by means of "strong" and "weak" classifiers. For "weak" classifiers, the Walsh-Hadamard transform is employed in the formation of descriptors. Descriptors are calculated for three "weak" classifiers. For the first "weak" classifier, the spectral coefficients of the Walsh-Hadamard transform are used, calculated for the window of the entire segment. After that, the descriptors are calculated for other "weak" classifiers, which are windows with sizes that are two and four times smaller than the sizes of the original window. The classifier consists of three independently trained neural networks – "weak" classifiers. To combine the output data of neural networks, an averaging block over the ensemble is used. Software has been developed for classifying ultrasound images which helps to create a database for the "oncology" and "pancreatitis" class segments, determine the two-dimensional Walsh-Hadamard spectrum of ultrasound image segments, train fully connected neural networks and conduct exploratory analysis to study the relevance of two-dimensional spectral coefficients. Experimental studies on the classification of ultrasound images containing oncology and pancreatitis showed an average accuracy of oncology detection – 88.4 %, and pancreatitis – 85.7 %. Errors of the second type averaged 10.2 % when pancreatitis was detected and 5.2 % when oncology was detected. To set up and test the classifiers, real data from pancreatic ultrasound were used.

** Keywords:**
ultrasound, pancreas, oncology, pancreatitis, disease detection, segmentation of ultrasound images, neural network, classification of ultrasound images

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1301

Terekhova A.D.
Terekhov G.V.
Sychev O.A.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.028

The article presents a methodology for solving the adjective ordering problem in English sentences by determining their hypernyms. The determining of a hypernym can be represented as a classification task; therefore, the most popular machine-learning classification methods were compared, they include the following: nearest neighbors method, logistic regression, decision classifier, support vector machine and naive Bayes method. The models were trained on a sample that contained adjectives and their hypernyms. For each adjective, similar adjectives from the training sample were selected; the most semantically appropriate hypernym was determined based on them. The use of information about word similarity from GloVe embeddings is proposed. The optimal values of hyperparameters for the K-Nearest Neighbors method were selected by means of the gridsearch technique. The quality of data classification was evaluated applying the metrics of precision, recall, and F1-measure for each of the methods. Since there were no ready-made datasets of classified adjectives, 300 adjectives were classified manually to create necessary samples.

** Keywords:**
adjective ordering, natural language processing, word vector representation, gloVe, classification methods, hypernyms

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1300

Ivzhenko S.P.
Vdovin A.S.
Pechenkin V.V.
Rakcheev V.L.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.017

Coiled tubing technologies are actively used in the process of well drilling and well intervention. During the operation of a coiled tubing unit, it is necessary to obtain a real-time assessment of the residual life of the installation equipment, in particular, the residual life of the coiled tubing. The main damaging factors of a flexible pipe include bending loads, internal pressure effects, axial impacts, exposure to aggressive media. The most important task of predicting the state of a coiled tubing is the construction of a mathematical model that allows the most accurate description of the process of fatigue damage accumulation under low-cycle loads. An analysis of the literature sources available for study showed that nowadays it is essential to develop methods and algorithms that enable assessing the knee fatigue of the flexible tubing material on a complex trajectory of movement where the pipe is subjected to bending loads with different intensities. The solution to this problem substantiates the development of a mathematical model that relates the calculation of damage in the area of low-cycle deformations, taking into account damage that has been previously kneeled. The purpose of this research is to develop methods and algorithms for constructing a predictive model of the current state of the coiled tubing material considering the accumulated damage based on semi-empirical models as part of the kinetic theory of fatigue. By means of the methods for constructing algorithms for processing data from low-cycle tests as part of the kinetic theory of fatigue and mathematical models for estimating the residual life of the test sample, the article proposes a solution that helps to calculate the damage parameter of the sample in the event of damage accumulation in various sections of the coiled tubing trajectory. The materials of the article are of practical value for researchers dealing with the problems of calculating the residual life of flexible pipes under the conditions of their cyclic deformation.

** Keywords:**
coiled tubing, low-cycle fatigue, damage accumulation, cyclic stresses, kinetic theory of mechanical fatigue, equivalent stresses

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1299

Kuznetsova Y.A.
Kharsekin I.R.
Knyazeva I.O.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.008

This article deals with the problem of downtime in production enterprises with time-based wages. Irrational allocation of resources leads to losses. This problem can be solved through the automation of production schedule process formation. In the presented paper, the authors use the terminology of schedule theory. As a research result, an algorithm that is a solution to the problem was developed. The algorithm assumes a random selection of an operation based on the criteria; the resource availability in a given time period is checked and then assigned to the appropriate operation. The algorithm is executed cyclically until all operations or resources are involved for a given time period. The construction of the algorithm is based on a calculated record, the excess of which leads to the termination of algorithm implementation and its re-launch. The described algorithm, after the expiration of the number of iterations specified by the user, visualizes the solution through the Gantt chart to ensure dispatching of production processes. The results obtained by the authors will make it possible to form a system for the intelligent formation of a production schedule and introduce it into the existing management system of a manufacturing enterprise engaged in the production of products from polymer composite materials.

** Keywords:**
schedule theory, combinatorial optimization, heuristic algorithms, discrete programming

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1297

Astapova M.A.
Lebedev I.V.
Uzdiaev M.Y.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.003

Powerline element heat and corona discharge occurring in current conducting elements are significant problems that may cause serious faults in energetic systems. These defects require special equipment that makes it possible to obtain images in infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) spectra for heat and corona discharge detection, respectively. The use of autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) equipped with the appropriate cameras provide automation of such defect detection. Concurrently, the trajectory of the autonomous UAV should be formed according to the spatio-geometric features of the inspected power lines and the requirements for the image sample obtained during the inspection of the damaged powerline. However, the issues related to forming UAV trajectory consistent with the specified requirements have not been properly explored. As part of this research, a new method for UAV trajectory forming is presented. The method is characterized by forming the trajectory according to the spatio-geometric features of the inspected powerlines with its key components and the requirements for the collected data (the presence of damage in the image, object representativeness, unification of the represented objects). The method was tested in the Blender 3D modeling environment by simulation of the autonomous wire heating and corona discharge inspection in three powerline types. As a result, a sample of IR and UV spectra images was collected. The sample consists of 1300 images, which represents 1376 unique angles of 17 cases of simulated damage, which indicates the viability of this technique for constructing UAV autonomous flight trajectories in order to collect representative sample data on powerline damage in UV and IR spectra.

** Keywords:**
autonomous UAVs, trajectory construction, automatic monitoring, aerial survey algorithms, data collection

2022.
T.10.
№ 4.
id 1296

Razinkin K.A.
Sokolova E.S.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2022.39.4.017

An approach to the construction of technological platforms (project networks) designed to enable self-organization of participants with key competencies into a team to carry out activities with initially set goals, the achievement of which determines the completion of the project, is considered. At the initial stage, the project network is in ‘the sleep mode’, i.e. the usual for a social network information exchange between potential project team members takes place on the network and, consequently, ‘traditional agents’ or actors interact on the network. A two-level scheme is proposed for organizing the process of interaction between agents of the project network in work teams: intra-cluster and inter-cluster. The effectiveness of the first interaction is estimated as the result of consensus modeling in asynchronous multi-agent systems with discrete and continuous time. At the same time, if consensus is reached, then the cluster at the second level of the hierarchy can be considered as a single agent node participating in the next cycle of interaction – inter-cluster. At this level, the solutions being formed are considered as Markov decision-making processes. Accordingly, as a mathematical apparatus for modeling this type of interaction, it is planned to use one of the machine learning methods – reinforcement learning when solving the problem of optimal resource allocation between processes within a single project.

** Keywords:**
project network, consensus, multi-agent management, reinforcement learning, intra-cluster interaction of agents, inter-cluster interaction of agents

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1295

Berezina V.A.
Mezentseva O.S.
Mezentsev D.V.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.024

This article proposes to track and predict the trajectory of an autonomous nonholonomic three-wheeled mobile robot in an environment with static obstacles using a neuro-predictive control system. This system consists of a modified Elman neural network (to track the position and orientation of the robot), a neural network model of an obstacle (to determine the point cloud of an obstacle) and cubic spline curve interpolation methods and a PSO algorithm (to smooth the obstacle avoidance curve and ensure the shortest distance). A new trajectory for avoiding an obstacle is built on three points (before the obstacle, the center of the obstacle, after the obstacle). The proposed control system improves the efficiency of mobile robot control and provides the smallest deviation from the movement trajectory, in general, and in the place where the obstacle is bypassed, in particular. The neuro-predictive control system is compared with the classical PSO algorithm, and, within the system itself, methods for smoothing the obstacle avoidance curve (cubic spline interpolation and PSO algorithm) are compared. Algorithms are compared according to such criteria as the average distance of the robot from the obstacle when rebuilding the trajectory, the speed of movement, the time it takes to bypass the obstacle. In addition, the deviation from the given trajectory of movement is checked: movements along the lemniscate and along the square. The simulation results showed that the neuro-predictive system is more efficient (by 28.1 % on average) in avoiding an obstacle (provides the shortest distance) and performs this maneuver faster (by 17.2 % on average) than the classical PSO algorithm. Also, within the system itself, the PSO-algorithm works more efficiently to construct an obstacle avoidance curve (3.3 % closer to the obstacle and, on average, 88.2 % less root-mean-square error) than cubic spline interpolation. At the same time, the neuro-predictive control system copes much better with following the desired trajectory than the classical PSO algorithm.

** Keywords:**
neuro-predictive control system, elman recurrent neural network, nonholonomic three-wheeled robot, motion trajectory prediction, obstacle avoidance

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1292

Stoianova A.D.
Trofimets V.Y.
Kalach A.V.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.011

The issues of strategic management of fuel and energy complex enterprises in accordance with the ESG approach are considered. The existing variants of measures used by Russian and foreign companies in the field of ESG policy are investigated. The analysis of existing methods has been carried out, unresolved scientific problems and prospects for further research have been identified. It is concluded that attracting new investors is one of the main reasons why companies pursue an active ESG policy. It is shown that a successful ESG policy helps to reduce the risk of a company's value falling in the market, which makes it more attractive to investors and shareholders. The features of the application of the ESG approach for fuel and energy companies are revealed. The features of ESG ratings are noted. It is demonstrated that an active policy in the field of ESG leads not only to an increase in financial indicators, but also to the adjustment of the company's market value. It is concluded that in order to integrate all ESG directions into a single platform solution based on ESG principles, joint actions of the state, rating agencies, companies, specialists in the field of sustainable development as well as investors are necessary. Moreover, the implementation of a simplified version of such solutions directly on the basis of companies brings low efficiency and will not allow achieving a comprehensive effect.

** Keywords:**
strategic management of enterprises, ESG approach, criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of management, ESG rating, ESG principles, fuel and energy complex

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1291

Tsarkova E.G.
Kalach A.V.
Bobrov V.N.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.010

The geopolitical situation and the increase in criminal and terrorist threats dictate the need to develop new territories, including the North of Russia. The article presents the results of a study of an artificial neural network mathematical model that takes into account delays designed to control an autopiloted ground-based robotic complex employed for transportation during emergency rescue operations under difficult natural and climatic conditions of the Arctic region. The universal nature of the proposed method is shown. An approach to finding a solution to the optimization problem using the necessary optimality conditions in the form of the Pontryagin maximum principle and the method of rapid automatic differentiation is described. A problem-oriented software product has been created, which is based on the developed computational algorithm for constructing approximate optimal control. The results obtained from numerical experiments confirm the effectiveness of the developed algorithm in finding an approximate optimal solution to the problem under consideration. The created software tool can be used to train an ANN with dynamics described by a system of differential equations with consideration to delays. The proposed mathematical model of ANN is suitable to solving a wide range of applied robotics tasks, including those aimed at developing technical means for emergency rescue operations under difficult natural and climatic conditions of the Arctic region. The flexibility, stability and adaptability of the selected model to changes in input parameters determine the prospects of using the developed computational algorithm to solve control problems in complex technical systems.

** Keywords:**
robotics, emergency rescue operations, optimal control problem, maximum principle, artificial neural network training, safety

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1290

Persidskiy A.V.
Topilin M.V.
Merentsov N.A.
Golovanchikov A.B.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.014

The article proposes a method for determining differential and integral response curves and their dispersion ‒ the central moment of the second order according to the velocity profile, as well as the dependence of the velocity head or the height of the manometric liquid column in the Pitot-Prandtl tube on the radius of the apparatus. Calculated dependencies for determination of flow structure parameters are given on the basis of experimental data for distillation column by vapor phase and boiling solution, as well as equations of their conversion into C- and F- response curves, dispersions. Indicator methods for determining flow structure parameters are considered drawing on pulsed or stepped input of indicators into the flow with subsequent recording of changes in the concentration of "labeled" particles, molecules and ions over time. The indicator method of measuring parameters of the flow structure of liquid-phase mass exchange products is regarded using the input of a tracer, the electrical conductivity of which differs from the electrical conductivity of the carrier stream with subsequent registration of the signal at the output by a conductometric cell. Indicator methods for determining parameters of gas-phase carrier flows structure based on input of smoke particles, radioactive isotopes, as well as ionization of gas flow at the inlet to the engine displacement of the apparatus with subsequent recording of signals and recognition of model parameters are presented for comparison. The advantages of the proposed (information and measured) method of calculating the parameters mentioned above compared to the indicator method are shown related to the choice of the indicator, its accurate supply in the form of a pulse or step signal at the inlet of the object and registration at the outlet, as well as data on the densities of the liquid, gas or vapor phase in the object and the density of the manometric liquid in the Pitot-Prandtl tube.

** Keywords:**
flow structure, hydrodynamics, gas dynamics, flow rate, velocity profile, mass exchange, heat and mass exchange, rectification, absorption, adsorption

2023.
T.11.
№ 1.
id 1289

Frid A.I.
Vulfin A.M.
Guzairov M.B.
Berkholts V.V.

DOI: 10.26102/2310-6018/2023.40.1.002

The relevance of the study is due to the need to improve the security of telemetry information transmitted to the manufacturer, which allows analyzing the state of on-board subsystems, failures and malfunctions, as well as detecting possible intruder impacts. On the basis of algorithms for predictive analytics of telemetric information, malfunctions and pre-failure states of on-board subsystems, and automatic control systems for the gas turbine engine of an aircraft can be detected. Efficient collection and analysis of telemetry helps specialists of ground technical services to plan repair and preventive measures. Telemetry accumulated over a long period makes it possible to continuously adapt digital models of aircraft subsystems, blocks and modules, which can be used to provide significant decision support in the event of a technical failure. In this regard, the purpose of the research is to increase the probability of detecting unauthorized modification of the transmitted telemetry data on the state of a complex technical object – a gas turbine engine automatic control system. The main method for studying this problem is the intellectual analysis of multidimensional time series of parameters characterizing the state of the onboard systems of the aircraft. The article develops the structure of the system for monitoring the integrity of telemetric information transmitted from the aircraft based on the analysis of the consistency of multidimensional time series. A comparison is made between telemetry from the aircraft and the outputs of a digital model of a complex technical product. At the output of the system, the probability estimate of integrity violation of the data transmitted to the manufacturer is formed. The materials of the article are of practical value for increasing the level of information protection when it is being transmitted from the aircraft to the manufacturer.

** Keywords:**
telemetry information, intellectual analysis, multidimensional time series, ensemble of neural network classifiers, time series consistency parameters